中国是如何成为联合国常任理事国的?【上】
2019-07-11 翻译熊 34487
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How did China become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?

中国是如何成为联合国常任理事国的?


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Lin Xey, Keen Interest in Geopolitics
Immediately after WWII in Oct 1945,around fifty nations’ delegates, including a Chinese delegation comprising ofKMT’s T.V.Soong and CPC’s Dong Biwu[1], signed the Charter of the United Nations. [2]China then became one of five permanent members of the UNSC with US support,despite obxtion by the former Soviet unx and Britain. In terms of merit,the Chinese nation did not surrender to Japan and chose to fight alongside withthe Allies, suffering nearly 20–30 million casualties. The US stronglysupported Chiang Kai-Shek’s Republic of China government, hoping it could helpthe US to contain the Soviet unx, and to bring the whole of Asia into USsphere of influence with China as Asia’s representative and US proxy. In returnfor gaining Soviet unx’s agreement to China’s permanent seat, the US agreedto the Soviet unx having three seats in the United Nation(Ukraine, Belorussiaand Soviet unx) , and the US also agreed to support Britain’s suggestion ofhaving France as one of the permannt member. This was how the original UNSCBig 5(WuDaLiuMang) came to be.
Nevertheless Mao’s communist party wonthe Chinese civil war and founded the People’s Republic of China. ChiangKai-Shek retreated to Taiwan in 1949 but continue to occupy China’s seat in theUN with US support. Between 1949 to 1971, the United States continuouslyblocked the lawful representation of 1 billion mainland Chinese in the UnitedNations. However as more and more countries supported the People’s Republic,Mao’s China became officially a permanent member in the UNSC via UN resolution2758 which came into effect on 25 Oct 1971.
From the picture above, 76 countries (ingreen)voted in favour of mainland China to be the sole representative of Chinain the United Nations, while 35 countries (in red)voted against, with 17abstentions. The resolution was adopted after a two-thirds majority voted infavour of mainland China.
The Taiwan representatives of ChiangKai-shek’s Republic of China was subsequently expelled from the United Nationsto make way for Mao’s Beijing representatives of the People’s Republic, andTaiwan ceased to be a country henceforth.
Picture credits: Wikipedia

Lin Xieyi, 对地缘政治有浓厚兴趣
1945年10月,二战结束后不久,大约50个国家的代表,包括一个由国民党宋子文和董必武组成的中国代表团,签署《联合国宪章》。
在美国的支持下,中国不顾前苏联和英国的反对,成为联合国安理会五个常任理事国之一。从功德上看,中华民族没有向日本投降,而是选择了与同盟军并肩作战,共造成近两千万至三千万的人员伤亡。
美国大力支持蒋介石的中华民国政府,希望它能帮助美国遏制苏联,以中国作为亚洲的代表和美国的代理人,把整个亚洲纳入美国的势力范围。为换取苏联同意中国成为常任理事国,美国同意苏联在联合国拥有三个席位(乌克兰、白俄罗斯和苏联),美国也同意支持英国提出的法国成为常任理事国的建议。
最初的联合国安理会五大常任理事国(五大流氓)就是这样产生的。

然而,中国军队赢得了中国内战,建立了中华人民共和国。1949年蒋介石撤退到台湾,但在美国的支持下继续占据中国在联合国的席位。从1949年到1971年,美国不断阻挠10亿中国大陆公民在联合国的合法代表。然而,随着越来越多的国家支持中华人民共和国,毛的中国通过1971年10月25日生效的联合国第2758号决议正式成为联合国安理会常任理事国

76个国家(绿色)投票支持中国大陆成为中国在联合国的唯一代表,35个国家(红色)投票反对,17票弃权。该决议是在三分之二多数投票支持中国大陆之后通过的。
蒋介石的台湾代表后来被驱逐出联合国,为毛的北京代表让路,从此台湾不再是一个国家。
图片来自维基百科



Devkinandan Yadav
So, when did China became permanentmember?

那么中国是何时成为常任理事国成员的?

SanjayBhattacharyya
The UNSC membership was first offers toIndia, Nehru said to give it to China, how far it's true?

联合国安理会成员一开始是邀请的印度,尼赫鲁说把它给中国,这是真的吗?

Z. Shen, studied at University of Life
China was a victor of World War II,aligned itself with the US before communist takeover in 1949, Franklin D.Roosevelt wanted China to fight against the Soviet unx, so he gave China aUNSC permanent seat. The government (the Republic of China, ROC) fled toTaiwan, and kept the seat.
The People's Republic of China (PRC) beatoff the two great world powers in the world, the United States in the KoreanWar, the Soviet unx in the Zhenbao Island Incident. The first of PRC'snuclear weapons tests took place in 1964, and its first hydrogen bomb testoccurred in 1967. PRC was a nuclear power by then.
After the Suez Crisis in 1956, theBritish and French colonies gained independence in the next two decades. Theysupported PRC in the United Nations, eclipsed the United States' support of theRepublic of China(ROC).
Was the United Nations trulyrepresentative of the world as a whole, without the most populous nation with alarge territory? For world peace, it was unwise to rule out a wild card. So, onOct. 25, 1971, the United Nations General Assembly voted to admit the People’sRepublic of China(PRC, mainland China) and to expel the Republic of China(ROC,Taiwan).

Z. Shen, 在人生这所大学学习
中国是二战的胜利者,在1949年中国执政前与美国结盟,罗斯福希望中国对抗苏联,所以他给了中国一个联合国安理会常任理事国的席位。中华民国逃到台湾,并保留了席位。
中华人民共和国打败了世界上的两个大国,在朝鲜战争中的美国,在振宝岛事件中的苏联。中国的第一次核武器试验发生在1964年,第一次氢弹试验发生在1967年。自那时起中国成有核国家。
1956年苏伊士运河危机后,英法殖民地在接下来的20年里陆续获得了独立。他们在联合国支持中华人民共和国,超过了美国对中华民国的支持。
如果没有人口最多、领土面积最大的国家,联合国是否真正能代表整个世界?为了世界和平,排除不确定因素是不明智的。因此,1971年10月25日,联合国大会投票通过了承认中华人民共和国(PRC, 中国)和驱逐中华民国(ROC,台湾)的决议。

Shivalik Naik
PRC didn’t beat any but in fact lost theKorean War; Please have clear idea before posting in quora.

中华人民共和国没有打败任何国家,实际上输掉了朝鲜战争;在Quora上发表言论之前先搞清楚。

Chen Yankai
3upvotes
Lost? lol

输掉了朝鲜战争?呵呵

Raisal Singh Ven
1upvote
Ironic that you are saying this. You arean idiot; it was a stalemate

你这样说可真是讽刺。你个白痴;当时是僵局。



Shivansh Goyal
Original Author ·
Churchill instincts for most part of hislife were disastrous. He lost his positions of authority many a times duringWW1 due to his huge failed plans which caused deaths of 1000s for no or littlegains. He was lucky with one of his position on Nazis which made himunforgivable, although his failures of WW1 were repeated by him again in WW2.So his instincts were not good just he was lucky in few big decisions whichovershadowed his infinite failures during his lifetime.

丘吉尔一生中大部分时间的都是灾难性的。第一次世界大战期间,由于他计划的巨大失败,导致了1000人的死亡,而他却没有得到任何好处,因此他多次失去了权威。他在第一次世界大战中的失败在第二次世界大战中再次被他重演。
所以他的直觉并不好,只是他幸运地做出了几个重大决定,这些决定掩盖了他一生中无数次的失败。
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