为什么日本人在第二次世界大战期间对中国人如此无情?
2019-07-13 青丘国的守护者 38319
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原文地址:https://www.quora.com/
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原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:青丘国的守护者 转载请注明出处

Why were the Japanese so merciless to Chinese people during World War II?

为什么日本人在第二次世界大战期间对中国人如此无情?


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原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:青丘国的守护者 转载请注明出处

Chara Chan, Watched too many documentaries since childhood(从小就看过大量的纪录片)
This question reminds me of my conversation with a Japanese guy, my Yahoo buddy, in 2002, who was studying in the UK.
We first talked about the exhibit of Takuya’s wife, 工藤静香, he typed two Chinese characters on the messenger all of a sudden when I mentioned that I didn’t like her since she is older than Takuya: 毒妇(毒 means malicious). This was so hilarious and unexpected because we were typing in English.
Then he offered his points regarding the massacre.(I don’t think I brought it up since I avoided this kind of topic with Taiwanese and Japanese intentionally. I wanted our conversations to be more casual and general, so that we’d put politics aside and see if we can find anything in common to be friends. That has been my principle since my college years)

这个问题让我想起了我在2002年与一位在英国留学的日本人,也是我的雅虎好友的谈话。
我们首先谈到了木村拓哉的妻子工藤静香的展览,当我提到我不喜欢她,因为她比木村拓哉大的时候,他突然在信息上打了两个汉字:毒妇(毒意味着恶意)。这非常有趣和意外,因为我们一直在使用英文打字交流。

然后他提出了关于大屠杀的观点。(我不认为这个话题是我引起的,因为我本就有意避免和台湾,日本人讨论这样的话题。我希望我们的谈话更加随意和普通,这样我们就可以把政治放在一边,看看我们是否能找到一些共同之处来做朋友。这是我大学时代一贯的原则)



P.S.: I’ve read the comments. Here are some of my thoughts:

PS:我看过一些评论。以下是我的一些想法:

Every race has its own character which is mainly determined by the geological location and the abudance of natural resources. So, despite the remote connection between Samurai and the modern Japanese soldiers, they inherit the same cultural heritage and tradition: when they are lacking in the natural resources, their survival instinct kickd in, which stimulated their brutality. By analogy, the Koreans are way more ruthless than mainland Chinese if you look at their history in K-town in the 90s, whose inhuman character originates from their harsh living conditions and their history of being crushed and oppressed by us and the Japanese.

每个民族都有自己的特点,主要取决于地理位置和自然资源的匮乏。因此,尽管武士与现代日本士兵之间存在着遥远的联系,但他们继承了相同的文化遗产和传统:当他们缺乏自然资源时,他们的生存本能就会被激活,这刺激了他们的野蛮行径。通过类比,如果你看看他们90年代在韩国城的历史,韩国人比中国大陆人更无情,他们的不人道性格源于他们严酷的生活条件和他们被我们和日本人压垮和压迫的历史。

So, when I’m talking about samurai and soldier, you can think of them as A and B.
What I meant to say is that: both A and B are influenced by C(geopolitics
But it does not mean that A and B has to be intimately entwined with each other.
OK, if you still can’t get it. Give me a break. Forget about what I worte.
Hisey Patton, Lived on and walked over battle fields of WWII and the Civil War.

所以,当我谈论武士和士兵时,你可以把它们想象成A和B.
我的意思是:A和B都受C(地缘政治)的影响
但这并不意味着A和B必须彼此紧密缠绕在一起。

好吧,如果你仍然无法得到你想要的结果。让我休息一下或者忽略我的观点吧。

————————————



The Japanese got a bad case of Victory Disease in 1942. They defeated not only the US, but Britain, France, and the Netherlands. It went to their heads a bit. You must recall that until the 1853 the Japanese had cut themselves off from contact with the West due to the negative effects of contact with the Portuguese and British. They expelled all gaijin(barbarians) and their priests and ceased trade.
It was not until 1853 when American Commodore Perry landed ashore on Okinawa and Japan in order to set up coaling stations for the US did relations between Japan and the west renew.
Japan came out of its self imposed exile with a vengeance and began to industrialize. In a mere 50-60 years they had industrialized built a navy and soon after defeated Imperial Russia in the major sea Battle of Tushima in 1905 annihilating the Russian Pacific Fleet. This started the Japanese adventurism in Mainland Asia and ultimately led to their incursion into China. Theodore Roosevelt negotiated an end to the war and Japan got Korea, and Russia dropped claims for Manchuria which Japan ultimately occupied.

日本人在1942年得了严重的胜利病。他们不仅击败了美国,还击败了英国,法国和荷兰。这让这些国家有点头疼。你必须记得,直到1853年,由于与葡萄牙和英国带来的负面影响,日本人已经与西方接触。他们驱逐了所有的外国人(野蛮人)和他们的牧师,并停止了贸易。

直到1853年美国海军准将佩里为了建立美国的煤炭补给站登陆冲绳和日本,日本与西方之间的关系才更新。

日本以复仇的姿态走出自我放逐,开始工业化。在短短50-60年的时间里,他们工业化建造了一支海军,不久之后,他们在1905年的图什马海战中击败了帝国俄罗斯帝国,歼灭了俄罗斯太平洋舰队。这引发了日本人在亚洲大陆的冒险主义,并最终导致了他们对中国的侵略。西奥多·罗斯福(Theodore Roosevelt)通过谈判结束了战争,日本得到了朝鲜,俄罗斯放弃了对日本最终占领的满洲的主张。



This is the sort of completely bat shit crazy mindset the Japanese leadership had evolved into. Most leaders knew the war was lost by mid 1944 but continued to prosecute the war for another 12 months during which some of the most horrific bloodletting was to occur. The fire bombing and nuclear bombs were yet to come.
Now the self esteem thing. Japan had something to prove, they started out the poor kid on the block, and became the Asian Master Race in just about 60 years. They kicked the former neighborhood bullies asses, and still did not feel good about themselves. That inherent self esteem issue is still at work today, where Japanese can only be called Americanphiles. They love everything American and the most popular plastic surgery is eyelid surgery: blepharoplasty, to make their eyes more western looking and remove the more mainland Mongolian look.
Take also into account that until their WWII defeat, the Emperor was consider an actual god. The average Japanese person could not even look at him but had to avert their eyes. The Sun God was proven not to be when they lost the war, but during the war the Japanese had a sense of manifest destiny to rule all of Asia. Kind of like the Communist Chinese have today. They saw the rest of Asia as their expanded resource area. I'm reading a book today about the Japanese Navy and they repeatedly refer to what is today, Indonesia and Borneo as the Southern Resource Area, referring to the oil rich area for which they went to war for in the first place after the US refused to sell the any American oil unless they withdrew from China.
So taken as a whole you could say the core reasons were Race and Cultural Differences with some a elitism, self esteem issues thrown in for good measure.

这是日本领导层形成的一种完全疯狂的心态。大多数领导人知道这场战争在1944年中期失败,但在接下来的12个月里,战争扔在继续进行,在此期间发生了一些最可怕的流血事件。而轰炸和核弹还没有到来。

现在是自尊问题。日本需要一些事情要证明自己,他们从一开始就是一个穷孩子,但他们在短短60年的时间里就完成了亚洲的大师赛。他们踢了以前邻居的屁股,但仍然对自己 感到不满意。这种固有的自尊问题今天依然存在,日本人只想被称为美国人。他们热爱美国的一切,最受欢迎的整形手术是眼睑手术:眼睑整形术,使他们的眼睛看起来更西方化,并去除更多的大陆蒙古人的面貌。

还要考虑到,在第二次世界大战失败之前,天皇被认为是一位真正的神。天皇一般都不与平民接触,一般的日本人甚至看不到他。那时天照神明宣扬那是他们崛起的时候,但在战争期间,日本人对于统治整个亚洲有一种明显的使命感。这有点像今天的中国人。当时的日本人将亚洲其他地区视为其扩大的资源区域。我今天正在读一本关于以前日本海军的书,他们一再提到今天的印度尼西亚和婆罗洲作为南部资源区,指的是他们首先为之而战的石油丰富的地区,美国拒绝出售任何美国的石油给他们,除非他们从中国撤军。

总而言之,你可以说核心原因是种族和文化差异与一些精英主义,自尊心问题也被认为是一个很好的衡量标准。
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