[ 美国childmind] 网瘾真实存在吗?
2019-08-01 bluebit 10930
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Is Internet Addiction Real?


With kids spending more and more time onscreens, parents worry that they are getting hooked


internet addiction. Phone addiction.Technology addiction. Whatever you call it, a lot of parents are expressingworries that their children are addicted to their devices.


Is the behavior that parents are concernedabout really addiction?


Are kids addicted?


While the comparison to substance abuse istempting, because devices are stimulating to the same reward centers of thebrain, experts point out crucial differences.


“Addiction doesn’t really capture the behavior we’re seeing,” saysDr. Matthew Cruger, a neuropsychologist and the director of the Learning andDevelopment Center at the Child Mind Insititute. “With addiction you have achemical that changes the way we respond, that leads us to be reliant on it forour level of functioning. That’s not what ‘s happening here. We don’t develophigher levels of tolerance. We don’t need more and more screen time in order tobe able to function.”

成瘾的行为并不能为我们所真正捕捉到,”神经心理学家、儿童心理研究所(Child Mind insite)学习与发展中心(Learning and Development Center)主任马修克鲁格博士表示。“成瘾会产生一种化学物质,它会改变我们的反应方式,导致我们依赖它来维持我们的功能水平。电子或屏幕成瘾不是这样的。我们没有发展出更高水平的耐受性。我们不需要[size=14.3999996185303px]更多的时间面对屏幕来满足。

There is, technically, no such thing asinternet or phone addiction. Some in the psychiatric community haveproposed a new disorder called internetgaming disorder, to recognize unhealthy patterns of game-playing. But to riseto the level of a disorder, Dr. Anderson notes, the behavior would would bevery extreme, and seriously impairing to a child’s life.


That would mean an amount of screen timethat’s not only more than parents feel comfortable with, but that crowds outother age-appropriate activities, like socializing, sports, school work — evenhygiene and sleep. “We would be looking at adolescents who are pushingeverything else out of their lives,” explains Dr. Anderson. “They are not having friendships, notengaging socially — at least offline — and they may be failing in school.”


The amount of time teenagers typicallyspend on phones and other devices can be misleading as a measure of whetherthey are unhealthily engaged. That’s because many of the things kids do onthose devices are age-appropriate activities that in the past have been doneoffline: socializing with peers, exploring personal interests, shopping,listening to music, doing schoolwork, watching movies or TV.


Texting and use of social media sites, forinstance, have become important channels for adolescents connecting to othersand being validated. Role-playing games allow kids to interact not only withfriends, but to people around the world. A 2016 report by Common Sense Mediaconcluded: “What looks like excessive use and distraction is actually areflection of new ways of maintaining peer relations and engaging incommunities that are relevant to them.”

短信与社交网站的使用,已经成为青少年与他人联系或被认可的重要渠道。角色扮演游戏不仅能让孩子们与朋友产生互动,还能接触到世界各地的人们。常识媒体(Common Sense Media)在2016年的一份报告中总结道:“看似过度沉迷和注意力分散的行为,实际上是在维持同伴关系、参与聚会的新种方式

Is it masking a mental health disorder?


When a child seems unhealthily focused onvideo games, to the point of social isolation, the behavior may be, rather thanaddiction, a product of other mental health problems.


Dr. Anderson reports that he finds himselfsaying to parents, “We understand your hypothesis that your kid is addicted togames, but it may be that he is socially anxious. It may be that he isdepressed. It may be that he has a learning disorder.”


Problematic use


While experts say that parents shouldremain skeptical of the notion of addiction, they also argue that parentsshould be alx for potential negative fallout from screen use. Apps and gamesare designed to keep us engaged as much as possible, and it can be hard forchildren to exercise self-control when their impulse is to keep scrolling.


There is ample evidence that intense socialmedia use is correlated with anincrease in anxiety and depression as teenagers,especially girls, compare themselves unfavorably to their peers and worry aboutmissing out.


Research shows that excessive gaming —spending two-thirds or more of free time — is correlated with negative mentalhealth outcomes, including higher incidence of anxiety, depression andsubstance use.


There is evidence that multitasking — usingsocial media, texting, watching tv while doing homework — undermines cognitivefunctioning and decreases learning.


And, of course, experts note constantattention to devices comes at the cost of other activities that are ultimatelymore valuable, and developmentally important.


Superficial engagement


The key, he notes, is to help parents setappropriate boundaries around screens, to understand what their kids are doingonline, to feel confident that they areis engaging in the right developmental tasks — online or off.

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Parent of a 1, 1, 4, and 10 year oldwritten bySuzanne E.
My son is 10 and for sure he has anaddictive personality, and gaming is his most common addiction presently. If Itell him to shut down x-box, he grabs my phone, I tell him to put down my phoneand he grabs his tablet, them I find myself yelling at him that he is addictedto electronics. It drives me absolutely crazy. I encourage outside play timeand play time with his siblings, but this is still an ongoing battle.


Parent of a 12 year oldwritten by Jack L.
Internet addiction can be very strong tocertain teens, but it is not real to some.


Adult written by IAmALier
Adult. 21. I am completely addicted to mymom. I use it all the time. No one can ever get me off it. I ignore my parentsand sister. I don’t really care about anything anymore. I don’t have socialmedia. Not my thing. But I use Tasty all day. I use my phone 24/7! So yeah I’mobsessed


Kid, 12 years old
Maybe you should take away your child'sphone on school days so they are forced to pay more attention to theirschoolwork. My friend LOVES her phone and her parents take away her phoneduring the school week