没有证据支持特朗普所声称的电子游戏导致了大规模枪击
2019-08-13 chuxbo 21120
原文地址
原文地址:https://finance.yahoo.com/news/trump-video-games-shooting-203424677.html
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原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:chuxbo 转载请注明出处
论坛地址:http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-488176-1-1.html

There's no evidence to back up Trump's claim that video games cause mass shootings

没有证据支持特朗普所声称的电子游戏导致了大规模枪击

Daniel Howley, Technology Editor, Yahoo Finance•August 6, 2019
President Donald Trump addressed the nation on Monday following two mass shootings over the weekend that killed more than 30 people to lay the blame for the attacks at the feet of a culture that glorifies violence. And the biggest culprit of all? Why video games, of course.

上周末,美国发生两起大规模枪击事件,造成30多人死亡。美国总统特朗普周一发表了全国讲话,指责袭击的发生是因为崇尚暴力的文化。而罪魁祸首是什么呢?当然是电子游戏。



“As we shared at the White House video game meeting in March 2018, numerous scientific studies have established that there is no causal connection between video games and violence," a spokesperson for the Entertainment Software Association, an industry trade group, told Yahoo Finance.

“正如我们在2018年3月的白宫视频游戏会议上所分享的,大量科学研究已经证实,视频游戏和暴力之间没有因果关系,”行业贸易组织娱乐软件协会的一名发言人对雅虎财经表示。

"More than 165 million Americans enjoy video games, and billions of people play video games worldwide. Yet other societies, where video games are played as avidly, do not contend with the tragic levels of violence that occur in the U.S."

“超过1.65亿的美国人喜欢电子游戏,全世界有数十亿人玩电子游戏。然而在其他热衷于玩电子游戏国家的暴力事件,都无法与发生在美国的悲剧性事件相比。”



Stetson University Professor Christopher Ferguson, who attended a meeting on violent crimes and mass homicides with the Trump administration explained that at the time of the meeting, administration officials came to the conclusion that games weren’t to blame.

参加了特朗普政府关于暴力犯罪和大规模凶杀案会议的斯滕森大学教授弗格森解释说,在会议期间,政府官员得出的结论是,电子游戏不该被指责。

“Even the Trump administration’s own review of this didn’t support this narrative of lixing violent video games to mass shootings,” Ferguson said.

“就连特朗普政府自己对此事的评估也不支持这种将暴力视频游戏与大规模枪击案联系起来的说法,”弗格森说。

“While we're exhausting the oxygen in the room talking about this, we're not talking about other issues whether gun control, or income inequality, or mental health, or [topics] that might be more productive in reducing the amount of crime in society,” Ferguson added.

弗格森补充说:“当我们耗尽力气讨论这个问题的时候,并没有讨论枪支管制、收入不平等、心理健康等其他问题,也没有讨论在减少社会犯罪率方面可能更有成效的问题。”



School shooters in particular flout the typical stereotype of obsessively playing video games.

校园枪手们尤其蔑视那种痴迷于玩电子游戏的典型形象。

According to Markey, about 13% to 20% of school shooters play games. Compare that to the 70% of adolescent males who play games. Markey says the difference likely comes down to the fact that school shooters exhibit abnormal social behavior. And since gaming is a common, normal behavior for most teens with healthy social lives, shooters are less likely than the average teen to play video games.

根据帕特里克的调查,大约13%到20%的校园枪手玩游戏。相比之下,有70%的青春期男性玩游戏。帕特里克说,这种差异可能是因为校园枪手表现出了不正常的社会行为。由于游戏对于大多数拥有健康社交生活的青少年来说是一种普遍的、正常的行为,所以枪手比普通青少年玩电子游戏的可能性更小。

Since the emergence of violence in video games, speculation has emerged about the effect that brutality has had on gamers. Games like "Mortal Kombat" have been derided for what was then considered to be photo-realistic depiction of extreme violence. And as technology has improved over time, so too have the graphical capabilities of console and PC games, leading to even more realistic scenes of violence.

自从电子游戏中出现暴力以来,人们就开始猜测其对游戏玩家的影响。当时《真人快打》等游戏因为被认为是极端暴力的逼真写照而遭到嘲笑。随着时间的推移,科技的进步,游戏机和电脑游戏的图形化功能也得到了改善,导致了更加真实的暴力场景。

What's more, the gaming industry has gone through an extended period of explosive growth. Millions of people around the world play games on a daily basis ranging from building-style titles like "Minecraft" to competitive online shooters like "Fortnite" and "Call of Duty."

更重要的是,游戏产业经历了长期的爆炸性增长。全球数百万人每天都在玩游戏,从《我的世界》等建设类的游戏,到《使命召唤》等具有竞争性的在线射击游戏。

Still, experts have yet to find a connection between games and criminal violence.

尽管如此,专家们还没有找到游戏和犯罪暴力之间的联系。

"Violent video game play is lixed to increased aggression in players, but insufficient evidence exists about whether the lix extends to criminal violence or delinquency," reads a 2015 American Psychological Association report on video games and violence.

2015年美国心理协会在一份关于电子游戏和暴力的报告中写道:“玩暴力电子游戏与玩家的攻击性增加有关,但没有足够的证据表明这种联系会扩展到犯罪暴力或违法行为。”



But a key point often left out of the discussion is that many perpetrators of mass shootings are young men. And many young men also happen to play video games. That, however, doesn't necessarily result in a lix between video games and violence.

但是,一个经常被忽略的关键问题是,许多大规模枪击事件的肇事者都是年轻人。而且很多年轻人碰巧也玩电子游戏。然而,这并不一定导致电子游戏和暴力行为之间的联系。

What's more, video games are a global form of entertainment. Canada, China, England, Germany, Japan, South Korea, and other countries around the world play videos games, but none experience mass shootings with such frequency as the U.S.

更重要的是,电子游戏是一种全球性的娱乐形式。加拿大、中国、英国、德国、日本、韩国等国家都在玩电子游戏,但没有一个国家像美国这样频繁地发生大规模枪击事件
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论坛地址:http://www.ltaaa.com/bbs/thread-488176-1-1.html

LesPaulsStratocaster
Maybe it's not video games, but there is no doubt that these acts are being committed by mostly young men. What would bring a young man who hasn't had enough life experience to hate so much to bring themselves to do such horrible things? Where does the lack of empathy come from? Why did we not see this 20, 30, or 50 years ago when people had just as much access to firearms (maybe more since many states have already cracked down on guns)? Answer: the Internet, big Pharma, and 24/7 "news" coverage of non-stop negativity. Mix weak minds with drugs and social media, and here you go. Trump's mouth doesn't help, nor does easy access to a gun, but you can't just blame them. If you take away the guns, they will use a pressure cooker with nails like the Boston boomer. It's a systemic problem and there is no easy fix, so outlawing guns completely (which will never happen) is not the answer. You have to address all of these potential causes.

也许不是电子游戏,但无可否认,这些暴力行为大多是由年轻人犯下的。一个没有足够的生活经验的年轻人怎么会如此憎恨这些事情以至于做出这种可怕的事情?为何会缺乏同情心?为什么我们在20年、30年或50年前没有看到这种情况呢?那时人们获得枪支的机会和现在一样多(也许更多,因为许多州已经在打击枪支)。答案:互联网,大型制药公司,24/7“新闻”不停报道负面新闻。把弱智与毒品和社交媒体混在一起,然后你就明白了。特朗普的话没有煽动,获得枪支也不容易,但你不能只责怪他们。如果你把枪支收走,他们会用带有钉子的高压锅,就像波士顿爆炸案犯一样。这是一个系统性的问题,没有简单的解决办法,所以完全禁止枪支(这永远不会发生)并不是解决办法。你必须解决所有的潜在因素。

Gary A
Once again Trump changes the story, to point anywhere but at him, when he knows the Truth, is he is part of the cause. Not the whole cause, but his Rhetoric is not helping.

特朗普再一次改变了说法,当他知道真相时,指责谁都可以,除了他自己,他是一部分原因。不是全部原因,但他的言论并没有帮助。



Benjamin
What was that thing Millennials like again?
Oh yeah!! Video games!!
Let's ban video games!! That's sure to get me reelected!!

请再说一遍,千禧一代喜欢什么?
噢,是的! !电子游戏! !
让我们禁了电子游戏!!这肯定能帮我再次当选!!

reza
You know who plays the most video games on this planet? Japanese kids, but you don't have any shooting in Japan because it's next to impossible for someone to own a gun in Japan.

你知道这个星球上玩电子游戏最多的是哪个国家吗?日本的孩子,但是在日本没有任何枪击事件,因为在日本人几乎不可能拥有枪支。



emily
There's a reason why he's called the orange Pinocchio. LOL

这就是他被称为橙色皮诺曹的原因。哈哈哈

ChrisH
No, Fox "News" causes it

不,是福克斯“新闻”引起的

John
I see. When O'Bama calls out video games, that's good. When Trump says it, oh well that's different.

我明白了。当奥巴马归咎于电子游戏,没有问题。当特朗普这么说的时候,就不一样了。

Isosceles
I've played video violent video games before. I loved it. I loved watching violent and gore movies as well. Never once have I thought of going out and harm another human being let alone kill them. And I know many people like myself who've played video games and watching movies, and they too never think about harming other person.
However, if I watch cable news (especially Fox News or right wing media) or listen to radio talk show like Alex Jones and such for even a minute I am fill with rage. If anything we should place the blame on those cowards hiding behind their 1st Amendment Right and encourage their fans to view those who don't share their views as the enemy that need to be destroy. Those people have blood on their hands. They should bear the brunt of the blame for all the mass shooting we are dealing with as society.

我以前玩过暴力视频游戏。我很喜欢。我也喜欢看暴力和血腥的电影。我从来没有想过要出去伤害另一个人,更不用说杀死他们。我知道有很多像我一样玩电子游戏和看电影的人,他们也从来没有想过去伤害别人。

然而,如果我看有线新闻(特别是福克斯新闻或右翼媒体)或听像亚历克斯·琼斯这样的广播谈话节目,哪怕只有一分钟,我都会充满愤怒。如果有什么不同的话,我们应该把责任归咎于那些躲在宪法第一修正案权利后面的懦夫,还有那些鼓励粉丝把那些不认同他们观点者视为需要消灭的敌人的人。那些人手上有血。他们应该为我们整个社会所面临的大规模枪击事件承担主要责任。



Susan
You caused it. but you don't take the blame for anything you've caused

是你造成的。但你不会为你所造成的一切承担责任

Scott
The maestro of hate blames video games. Trump is the epitome of hatred. The internet also allowed Putin to elect Trump.

仇恨大师将原因归咎于电子游戏。特朗普就是仇恨的缩影。互联网也让普京得以选择了特朗普。

cowboy
what does studies show about the lix between guns and terrorist killings??? lets experiment..take away all guns..and lets see what happens..

关于枪支和恐怖主义杀戮之间联系的研究表明了什么?让我们实验一下限制所有的枪支之后会发生什么…

Todd
I have yet to hear of any shooter in one of the many mass killing sprees to be a video game addict like fortnite, Grand theft auto, call of duty (all games that have been popular over the many years). Incredibly lame to blame video games with absolutely no evidence but that is the Trump/GOP modus operandi

我还没有听说这么多大规模屠杀中的哪个枪手对像侠盗猎车手、使命召唤(所有游戏都已经流行了很多年)这类视频游戏成瘾,。在完全没有证据的情况下指责电子游戏是非常站不住脚的,但这是就特朗普/共和党的做法。

Bryan
Yup, this "lix" was disproved after Columbine in the 90s, if not sooner. Ridiculous to see it gaining traction with no evidence.

是的,这种“联系”在上世纪90年代哥伦比亚大学事件后就被证明是错误的,还可能更早。在没有任何证据的情况下就受到指责,真是荒谬。

Lou
Blaming video games for mass shootings is like blaming Taco Bell for immigration problems. Watch his next move be a ban on quesadillas.

把大规模枪击事件归咎于电子游戏,就像把移民问题归咎于“塔可钟”一样。他下一步可能会禁止油炸玉米饼。

Jim
I think Trump has been playing to many video games !

我觉得特朗普玩了太多电子游戏!

jackwulf2
pretty sure if video games caused mass violence, it would be toward the video game companies, not random people..

可以肯定的是,如果电子游戏引发了大规模暴力,将会是针对电子游戏公司,而不是随机杀人。



M.S.
I am 54 and they had video arcades. In the arcades they had games where you killed other people and the best one was being a race car driver. When we got our drivers license, very few of us drove down the highway cutting people off left and right

我今年54岁,去过电子游戏厅。我们在游戏厅玩杀人的游戏,最好玩的游戏是赛车手。当我们拿到驾照后,很少有人开车在高速公路上左冲右撞

mead2014
How many of these people pointing fingers at video game know how to play video game?

这些指责电子游戏的人中有多少知道怎么玩电子游戏呢?

bluto
There is not only no evidence for 99% of the things trump says but a large percentage of it is actually contrary to what actual evidence and proven facts show.

特朗普所说的99%的事情不仅没有证据,甚至有很大一部分与证据和已证实的事实相反。

MichaelP
Anthony Fantano and others, you cannot totally dismiss the video game association. Media and other visual stimuli do have an affect on our thoughts, deeds and opinions. While the majority of individuals can play violent games and have no outwardly visibile impacts, to the one closest to the gamers, you will notice a difference in behaviours.

不能完全忽视电子游戏协会。媒体和其他视觉刺激确实会影响我们的思想、行为和观点。虽然大多数人都玩暴力游戏,而且没有明显的外在影响,但对于最接近玩家的人来说,会注意到他们行为上的不同。

Jacob
Please, attack video games more. Attack one of the fastest growing industries in the world. I'm sure that will go over well next election. The demographics for people playing video games is growing at break neck pace.

继续攻击电子游戏吧。攻击世界上发展最快的行业之一。我相信在下次选举中会很受欢迎。玩电子游戏的人数正在以惊人的速度增长。

JasonUpchuck
A person who does not understand the connection between cause and effect, like Donald Trump, will certainly never understand the connection between a conclusion and evidence. Trump mostly just says stuff that he has heard other people say. He has never had one original thought in his entire life, so he's not about to start now.

一个不理解因果关系的人,比如特朗普,肯定永远无法理解结论和证据之间的关系。特朗普说的大多都是他从别人那里听到的。他一生中从未有一个原创的想法,他现在也不打算开始有这种想法。

You Can Do it
Dear Leader signed an EO today requiring insurance to play video games.......such Leadership from the "man".....so proud so bigly proud.....

尊敬的领导今天签署了一份行政命令,要求玩电子游戏要先投保.......这个“男人”如此的领导能力……太骄傲了,非常的骄傲…



Chip
If you don't think violent video games don't desensitize and in turn normalize the idea of death and carnage in young minds, you are the problem. I hope you don't have kids.

如果你认为暴力视频游戏会使年轻人对死亡和屠杀的概念变得麻木,那么你才是问题所在。我希望你没有孩子。

Anonymous
certain unbalanced individuals can be triggered by overuse of violent video games. that just seems like common sense.

过度沉迷暴力电子游戏会导致精神失常。这似乎是个常识。

Jeff
The ?? media ?? Blasting this across the country non stop are a major part of the problem.... They promote this activity, and give a lot of people standing on the ledge crazy ideas.........................

是媒体?在全国范围内不间断地进行爆破性报道是主要问题。他们助长了这种行为,让很多站在悬崖边上上的人有了疯狂的想法。

Scott
Trump wants to clear internet of hate - he should start with his tweets.

特朗普想要清除互联网上的仇恨——他应该从自己的推文开始。
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